South Carolina Cattle


South Carolina ranked 38th in all of the fifty states for beef cattle productions with 222,000 animals in 2004. The highest number of beef cows that have calved on record for South Carolina was 336,000 in 1977. The lowest number recorded in the state was 15,000 in 1939.

Today there are many different cattle breeds in the world, all stemming on one ancestor, the aurochs. In 1623, two Devon heifers and a Devon bull were imported to the Plymouth Colony from Britain. These three cattle were probably the first purebred cattle to reach North America.

The United States and Australia are the top beef producing countries in the world. The United States produces about 25% of the world's beef supply with less than 10% of the world's cattle population. Over 900 different breeds of cattle have been reported in the world. Breed associations maintain breed registrations for many of the individual breeds, with some cattle breeds being able to trace their ancestry back 600 years or more. Many of the beef cattle produced in the United States today are crossbred.

The demand for beef has significantly increased in the past few years because of consistent quality, consumer changes in taste and preferences such as high protein diets, and innovative products and advertising. Per capita consumption of beef is over 66 pounds per person per year and beef is consumed 77.8 million times a day across America.


  USDA Livestock Market Reports

South Carolina Livestock Weekly Review

Williamston Livestock Auction (Mon)

Saluda Livestock Auction (Mon)

Chester Livestock Auction (Tue)

Chesnee Livestock Auction (Tue)

Orangeburg Livestock Auction (Wed)

Williamston Livestock Auction Wtd Avg (Mon)

Chester Livestock Wtd Avg Report (Tue)

Saluda Livestock Auction Wtd Avg Report (Mon)

Chesnee Livestock Auction Wtd Avg Report (Tue)


Recently my family bought a camper. I was on the phone describing it to my mom, as she asked, “You mean, there's a wall right there? The bed folds down – how?”
After two years of historic high cattle prices, a record 1,900 producers attending the Texas A&M Beef Cattle Short Course in College Station learned more about the current decline in prices and maintaining profitability despite declining profit margins.
“It is almost certain that finished cattle have put in their summer lows as prices have found support,” explained Andrew P. Griffith, agricultural economist at the University of Tennessee.
If you want to catch a glimpse of a real cowboy here are ten places NOT to look.
A sound marketing program is an integral part of any cattle production operation. Too many producers engage in cattle production without ever establishing a well thought out marketing and sales system.
Jerry Etheredge, Montgomery, Ala., was elected president of the Livestock Marketing Association (LMA). In this role, Etheredge will complete a two-year term leading the nation's largest livestock marketing trade association that represents more than 800 local livestock auction markets and allied businesses.
If you have sold a calf recently, I don't have to tell you that calf prices have dropped significantly from 2015. Last year, you could sell about anything and get good money for it; but now, you have to have a good calf to bring the best price. In the right market, preconditioned calves still bring the most money, and there is a good return on healthy calves. Besides a health premium, farmers also sell a heavier calf.
“The prosperity of this entire industry lies with the consumer.” Ag economist Ted Schroeder made that statement during the recent Beef Improvement Federation meetings in Manhattan, Kan., June 15-17, but it summed up the theme of the opening session.
Andy White, Ashland, Ohio, proved his world-class talent as a livestock auctioneer at the 53rd anniversary of Livestock Marketing Association's (LMA) World Livestock Auctioneer Championship (WLAC). Paris Stockyards in Paris, Ky. hosted the contest on Saturday, June 18.
As we approach the heat of the summer months, many producers are battling the heat and humidity that is an integral part of life in the south. Summer brings with it rising temperatures and typically decreasing animal performance.
Green grass, blue skies and good cattle greeted buyers and bidders alike at the beautiful Neches River Ranch west of Jacksonville, Texas on April 23, 2016 for the annual spring GENETRUST Registered and Commercial Brangus Female Sale hosted by Cavender Ranches.
In the May 30 edition of the Auction Exchange there was an ad celebrating the Midwest Auctioneer Roundup contest in Shipshewana, Indiana. There were pictures of the winners, contestants and one precious little three or four year old girl with her hands covering her ears.
Maintenance and development of a quality purebred cow herd requires selection of proper genetics and an ongoing input of new breeding females. One of the most important questions the producer must ask is: “do I buy my replacements or do I develop them from within my own herd?”
At the risk of sounding like the proverbial busted record, while revenue matters to the fortunes of cow-calf operations, cost matters more.
The Crimson Classic Santa Gertrudis Sale was held April 30, 2016 in Cullman, Ala.


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by NECowboy (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 18:01:09 GMT+5)
Jogeephus wrote:Would you be upset with me if I agreed to clear 40 acres of your land for $6000 but just before I finished you added 9 more acres to the job and I handed you a bill for $6975 for clearing all of it? Would you be upset that I charged more than we agreed in the beginning?

This is not a trick question. I just want to see if I'm crazy or if today's arse chewing was deserved.

Absolutely not sounds reasonable and even cheaper per acre on the last 9!

by SJB (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 18:00:30 GMT+5)
I'm neck deep in meth central. I've got some family in the treatment side, plus I've spent some time in court lately, following the case of the tweeker who broke into my garage a while back.

Somebody said it was an escape, and I beleive that the correct answer.

Poor white trash with no chance. No daddy, mom on dope and welfare. Used to, they could go down to the mill or the plant and get them a blue collar job. That's gone. Human nature takes over. If a human being has no purpose (job) they'll eventually wind up with some bad habits.

Enter meth.

They can make their first batch of meth in their car for about $10. After that first batch, it's all downhill. A month after their first high, they're stealing everything they can to sell for one dose.

by Caustic Burno (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 18:00:07 GMT+5)
tncattle wrote:Flies as bad as I can remember this year, it's been so wet, hot & humid for the last 5-6 weeks here. Be glad when cooler weather finally starts to set in.

It has been a bear fight here as well compounded by a neighbor that I don't think treats with anything. If the electric fence just worked against flies

Highland Advice
by WalnutCrest (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 17:58:40 GMT+5)
A friend of mine raises Highland and Highland X cattle. I think he has a hard job.

Two old Aubrac cows
by WalnutCrest (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 17:32:56 GMT+5)
KNERSIE wrote:Give the long answer please

Sorry for the delayed response -- been a busy couple of days --

Before getting into the actual way we've decided to determine which old cows get to stick around and which ones don't, I feel like it's worthwhile for me to run you through our annual calendar ... once I've done that, I'll have a section at the very end that addresses your specific question.

As it relates to the calendar below, know that the start / end of the calendar may move up / back over time as I continue to feel out the best fit for my family's schedule in any given year. Also, in any year where we're dealing with a large embryo project (harvesting or implanting), it'll throw the calendar off a bit for some of the cows/bulls and so any female that's impacted by missing a date is given some reasonable leeway in order to catch back up.

The best way for me to explain this, I think, is to start with a calendar in a 'normal year' (i.e., no embryo projects are going on) with several to-do's and an explanation of the calendar's to-do's below that:

Feb 1st -- bulls (and sometimes any retained steers, too) are pulled from herd of bred cows and heifers and penned (until May 1st for some and June 1st for others (see below for details / logic)); all of the 2nd timers are moved up closer to the house until all have calved, then once they've calved, each pair goes back out with the bred cows

Feb 7th -- 2nd timers start calving (i.e., this is when cows who are going to have their 2nd calf start calving)

March 17th -- heifers are moved up to the house and are kicked out to pasture once they've calved

March 24th -- heifers and mature cows start calving

May 1st -- bulls go in with 1st timers (i.e., the young cows who just had their 1st calf) (see below for reasoning)

June 1st -- any cow or heifer (confirmed bred the prior fall) that hasn't calved by this date is getting shipped; there are a few different ways this goes for the female (see below for details) ... the later the calf comes, the more likely that she is gone the next year ... but, maybe she catches up ...

June 15th -- Mature cows (2nd calf and older) who calved before May 1st are candidates for AI, as are first time heifers (if any were retained the prior year), the bulls not currently in with the 2nd timers go in with cows, and heifers are added to the group with the 2nd timers

Oct 30th -- determine carrying capacity for the next year

Oct 31st (day) -- (i) preg check and grade the opens (see below), (ii) temperament test all calves and cows, (iii) cows weighed and hip heights taken, (iv) calves weighed and hip heights taken

Oct 31st (night) -- (i) calculate Maturity % (see below) of all calves and cows/heifers younger than 4yrs of age, (ii) calculate WW % for all females, and (iii) make all cull / keep decisions to be implemented the following day

Nov 1st -- (i) retag all cull cows/heifers/steers w/ different color tag, (ii) cut bull calves who will not be developed as bulls, (iii) wean calves, and (iv) ensure all bulls are removed from having access to weaned heifers and to-be-culled cows


RE: Feb 7th -- not a big fan of starting to calve 2nd timers in the middle of the winter, but I'd rather do this for a smaller group of females than to deal with bulls going in in late July or August

RE: May 1st --- bulls go in with heifers calving their first calf so we can calculate calving interval between first and second calf --- we believe that while EPDs will tell us that fertility is only moderately heritable, that actually trying to press the issue by turning bulls in with the 1st timers (who hope to become 2nd timers) approximately 30 days after the first heifer to calve calves will allow us to know which heifers are most fertile and most adapted to our management and environment.

RE: June 15th -- if calving after this date, these cows / heifers just got bred too late for us; official start to the breeding season will give us calves that hit the ground around March 24th.

RE: Oct 30th -- once we determine what our carrying capacity is for the coming year, we know how strict to be on our keep / sell / cull decisions with all classes within the herd

RE: Oct 31st -- a big day, to be sure -- a day to write down lots of information, all of which will be analyzed that night so that the next day these decisions can be implemented -- we monitor cow size (weight and hip height) at this point mainly for tracking progress and their growth curve throughout their lives -- we track calf size (weight and hip height) in order to calculate the Maturity % referenced above. This calculation is described in Johann Zeitsman's book Man, Cattle, Veld. Generally, the idea behind that single calculation is that it allows a producer to determine which of the cattle are arriving at their sexual maturity more quickly than another and it also allows a producer to determine which cattle are more adapted to their management and environment than another. This score (along with temperament and the dam's fertility score (calving interval between 1st and 2nd calf) are key parts of determining keep / sell / cull decisions for the calves. Essentially, the calculation described in JZ's book is extrapolating a calf's hip height using the standard UMissouri Frame Score Chart in order to determine how tall the calf should be as a mature adult, and then determine what percentage of that weight the calf is now, where the higher that percentage, the more adapted and more mature one animal is to another (heifers and bull calves are scored and ranked separately and only among their contemporary group; their scores don't transfer over very well to compare a bull born one year to a bull born another year, or to compare my calves to someone elses calves born somewhere else -- it's only for contemporary group scoring).

RE: Nov 1st -- cattle that will be culled get a new tag color so that it's easy to figure out who is going and who is staying when sorting later on as we typically process beeves 2-4 times a year -- bull calves out of cows with lower fertility scores are cut, bull calves with temperament issues are cut, bull calves with low Maturity % scores are cut -- heifers with low Maturity % scores are culled -- all bulls stay with confirmed bred cows until right before the first calves start coming in February. The cut-off point for each cull / keep decision can vary from year to year, depending on whether or not I want to increase the cow herd, make it younger, and whether or not I have orders for bred/open cows/heifers, bulls, etc.


Late calving cows and heifers are classified in one of five ways, and depending on the quality and size of our heifer crop for that year, the stocking rate we think we can handle for the coming year, we may keep none / some / all of any of the cows in any of these four groups. Classification System for Opens at Preg Checking:

a -- not currently in calf & calved prior to June 15th -- these are the first to go, generally to the butcher for ourselves or our beef-buying clients (we have a waiting list for old Aubrac cow beef, believe it or not)
b -- not currently in calf & calved after June 15th -- these are the next ones to go; if they have a calf at their side (b/c they calved late), they're sold as a pair to someone who calves in the fall, or the calf is weaned and the cow is culled / eaten
c -- currently bred, but no calf to wean because the cow sloughed the calf at some point after being preg checked the previous year -- these are the next to go
d -- currently bred, but no calf to wean because the calf died within the first week of life -- these are the next group to go
e -- currently bred, but no calf to wean because it died some time after the first week but before weaning time -- these are the last to get culled (i.e., we kept a good recip another year even though her heifer calf died before weaning; hard to hold a lightening strike against mama when the calf was already almost 5 months old)

Once a cow falls into one of these five buckets, we will never again keep or sell any of her sons as bulls. Most years, all females in all five buckets are gone, however, we try to distinguish the nature of the open status in the event that (for example, we had only a very few heifers born the prior year, or we got a large new lease on some pasture and want to try to grow the herd, etc.).


Keeping old cows vs. young cows

When calculating the Maturity % (above) as laid out in JZ's book, each cull / sell / keep decision is made based on how each calf ranks in the entire contemporary group of calves ... AND ... how each calf ranks in each contemporary group based on their dams' age.

So, for ease of analysis, say we have 100 bull calves and we're able to calculate the Maturity % for each. They're ranked 1-100 on a stand-alone basis ... and ... their maturity scores are normalized (to get a score of 0-100).

Then, say we have 10 bull calves out of first time heifers; these are ranked from 1-10 ... and ... their Maturity %'s are normalized (to get a score of 0-100).

And, maybe we have 10 bull calves out of 2nd timers; these too are ranked from 1-10 and their scores are normalized.

And, we have (say) 50 bull calves out of cows from 4 years of age to 8 years of age; these are ranked from 1-50 and their scores are normalized.

And, we have 20 bull calves out of cows from 9 - 12 years of age; these are ranked and normalized.

And, finally, we have 10 bull calves out of cows older than 12; these are ranked and normalized.

... then ... the normalized scores across all 100 bull calves are averaged with the normalized scores from within their dam's age group and then they are re-ranked based on the average of the normalized scores ... this allows (say) the #1 bull out of a cow older than 12 to have their Maturity % score to be more easily compared to the (potentially) higher scoring (on an absolute basis) bull calf out of a young 5yr old cow. It's a way to level the playing field for the bull calves a bit. Depending on the needs for retaining bulls for our own use, and for filling client demand, we'll start cutting bulls at the bottom of the list and work up until there aren't any more bulls needing cut.

... AND ... we will then take the normalized Maturity % for a cow's last 2, 3 and 5 calves and average them together to get a trend-line for each cow. If we're looking for additional reasons to cull a currently bred cow, they'd be as follows:

* Average of the normalized scores for her last two calves is in the bottom 10% of her then-current contemporary group, she's a candidate for culling
* Average of the normalized scores for her last three calves is in the bottom 25% of her then-current contemporary group, she's a candidate for culling
* Average of the normalized scores for her last five calves is in the bottom half of her then-current contemporary group, she's a candidate for culling

I think this allows truly excellent older cows to stick around as long as they're still carrying their weight within the herd and within their contemporary group -- normalizing the score in this way is a relatively easy way to compare the productivity of an old cow to a young cow. IMO.

ALSO --- Generally speaking, only the cows that had a great 1st-to-2nd-calf calving interval and who also are in the very top of their contemporary group for Maturity % are candidates for our donor program. These decisions are made on a case-by-case basis.

NOTE --- I'm really happy to consider improving what I'm doing here, should anyone really care to discuss this and/or offer actual suggestions for doing so. TIA.

Houston, we may have a problem
by Jogeephus (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 17:18:57 GMT+5)
Glad it was just that. The first picture looks like there is oil on the concrete. An oil leak from there would be bad news for sure and I'm not sure if JB Weld would even plug it.

Beautiful day of drying weather. Nice breeze and low humidity. Might get it dry tomorrow and be able to bale.

Limousin X Hereford
by elkwc (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 16:58:36 GMT+5)
The Hereford would help the cross in my opinion if it is the right Hereford. It would help the docility issue for sure. Red baldies sells almost as well as black baldies and both will outsell anything else. If you are fattening the steers you will be fine. Here the feeder buyers will dock anything they even think has limmie or simmie in them. Even if they are black. Like mentioned above different regions vary. Many breeders and feeders have had docility issues with both along with not feeding as well many times.

Bail out
by dun (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 16:55:31 GMT+5)
Bigfoot wrote:There going to buy it, and then give it away. Makes perfect sense.
They make it sound like this is something new. The feds have been doing it for years!

Pearl Millet
by chronic (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 16:50:16 GMT+5)
I was hoping to get a few comments in agreement with me about what a handsome bull I have!

8 way vaccinations?
by Whatnow (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 16:45:46 GMT+5)
Thanks again! That's very good to know about the different tetanus shots.

Little League World Series
by slick4591 (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 16:29:45 GMT+5)
LRTX1 wrote:Slick, Kentucky beat a pretty good Iowa team Monday, they getting walloped by New York tonight.

That's them. They were holding their own until their pitching collapsed.

by Alan (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 16:27:52 GMT+5)
Sometimes a joke is so dumb I just have to laugh.

FSIS Green Bay Dressed Beef Recalls Beef Products Due To Possible Specified R...
by Alan (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 16:26:41 GMT+5)
I saw two replies and just had to look, what really caught my eye is in all my years here I have never seen a subject line take up that much space. Now I know your not restricted to key strokes in the subject line.

Winter Garden 2016
by skyhightree1 (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 16:22:30 GMT+5)
What all is everyone planting its time ? I am doing collards and curly kale and mustard cabbage broccoli and turnips. I am not planting a lot because this years been strange as far as gardening goes. Its pretty dry here so I won't plant till after it rains.

Beefmaster Cows
by Caustic Burno (Posted Thu, 25 Aug 2016 15:42:38 GMT+5)
Red Bull Breeder wrote:I guess you got a big herd of them Muddy?

A lay a dollar against a doughnut hole he has never owned one

South Carolina Cattle Links

Associations - Livestock

Barns and Metal Buildings

Cattle*: Brahman

Cattle*: Gelbvieh

Cooperatives: Energy

Equipment: Tractors

Equipment: Trailers: Manufacturers

Government Agencies

Horses*: Boarding Stables

Horses*: Breeds: Paint

Horses*: Breeds: Warmbloods

Horses*: Farrier and Horseshoeing

Livestock*: Goats: Breeds: Boer: Breeders

Real Estate

Real Estate: Appraisers


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